The best historical novels featuring positive LGBTQ+ characters

Rosie Garland Author Of Vixen
By Rosie Garland

Who am I?

It’s no surprise to hear I’m drawn to stories featuring outsiders, people who don’t / won’t conform and are fed up trying to force themselves into the narrow roles society offers. Folk who slide under the radar, and never make it into history books (which is all of us, right?). This springs from being an outsider myself, the weird kid who didn’t fit. I’ve chosen novels where the LGBTQ+ characters strive and struggle but do not die tragically. Put simply, they are real people, complete with flaws and strengths. These books are your very own Time Machines: wonderful stories to transport you into the past.

I wrote...


By Rosie Garland,

Book cover of Vixen

What is my book about?

Devon, 1349. Seagulls screech across the fields and the wind has a mind to change. New priest Father Thomas arrives in an isolated village. Determined to impress his congregation, he quells fears of the coming pestilence with promises of protection.

For Anne, the priest’s arrival is an opportunity she feels all too ready for. Convinced a grand fate awaits, she moves in as Thomas’s housekeeper, though hopeful of something more. But his home is a place without love or kindness. So when a mysterious young woman appears out of the marshes, Anne takes her in, grateful for the company. But soon the plague strikes, spreading panic. The villagers’ fear turns to anger. Thomas must sacrifice everything to restore their faith, with terrible consequences.

The books I picked & why

Shepherd is reader supported. We may earn an affiliate commission when you buy through links on our website. This is how we fund this project for readers and authors (learn more).

The Persian Boy

By Mary Renault,

Book cover of The Persian Boy

Why this book?

Although published in 1972, this novel feels as fresh as the day it was written. I read it as a child, a long time before I knew what ‘gay’ was, let alone knew it meant me. But the voice of the narrator Bagoas spoke to me clear across the centuries. He’s a young man from the time of Alexander the Great, sold as a eunuch slave, and he’s heartbreaking, funny, and poignant. An absolutely stunning creation.

The novel also taught me how it’s far more effective to write about a famous historical character from the viewpoint of a bystander.

The Color Purple

By Alice Walker,

Book cover of The Color Purple

Why this book?

Wow, just wow. In this rollercoaster of a novel, the reader is swept into the fully realised world of 1930s Deep South USA. The narrative does not shy away from the realities of abuse and racism, and at times is a grim read. However, the loving relationship of Celie and Shug is central to the story and shines through as a guiding light. Redemption is hard-won through the transformative power of love and self-acceptance. I particularly recommend the novel to folk who’ve only seen the movie. The book does so much more.


By Sarah Waters,

Book cover of Affinity

Why this book?

This wasn’t the first Sarah Waters novel I read (it’s her second), but it was the one where I completely fell in love with her writing. Set in Victorian England, Margaret Prior is haunted by her past. Thinking she’ll push the shadows away through charitable works, she becomes a Prison Visitor. However, she meets – and falls for – mysterious inmate Selina Dawes and things go very, very wrong. 

I love novels where things are not quite as they seem and Waters is a mistress at creating an unsettling atmosphere. It also taught me a lot about writing from the viewpoint of more than one character.

Orlando: A Biography

By Virginia Woolf,

Book cover of Orlando: A Biography

Why this book?

This short novel was groundbreaking when first published in 1928 and is still unsurpassed. At the time, it was illegal in the UK to publish a story about a lesbian relationship, unless presented as a fantasy. Inspired by Woolf’s real-life relationship with Vita Sackville-West, the central character Orlando gallops through the centuries from Elizabethan England to 17th century Constantinople and beyond, shifting gender and enjoying a variety of male and female lovers as they go. The novel taught me a lot about the power and pleasure of writing otherworldly elements into what is seemingly a ‘real’ world.


By Jane Eagland,

Book cover of Wildthorn

Why this book?

Set in 19th century England, this novel is aimed at Young Adult readers and is a reminder that a good read is simply good, whatever age bracket it’s aimed at. It resonated with my own teenage struggles to break free of restrictive expectations – even though mine were trifling compared to what the heroine Louisa has to go through! She resists the restrictions of Victorian society and the limited choices available to women, and is locked up in an asylum. It prompted me to read more about the era and discovered the shocking truth of how this really happened to women who stepped out of line…

5 book lists we think you will like!

Interested in eunuchs, psychiatric hospitals, and non-binary gender topics and characters?

5,888 authors have recommended their favorite books and what they love about them. Browse their picks for the best books about eunuchs, psychiatric hospitals, and non-binary gender topics and characters.

Eunuchs Explore 7 books about eunuchs
Psychiatric Hospitals Explore 25 books about psychiatric hospitals
Non-Binary Gender Topics And Characters Explore 15 books about non-binary gender topics and characters

And, 3 books we think you will enjoy!

We think you will like The Girls of Atomic City, Dracula, and The Leopard if you like this list.