Calling Bullshit

By Carl T. Bergstrom, Jevin D. West,

Book cover of Calling Bullshit: The Art of Skepticism in a Data-Driven World

Book description

Bullshit isn’t what it used to be. Now, two science professors give us the tools to dismantle misinformation and think clearly in a world of fake news and bad data.
 
“A modern classic . . . a straight-talking survival guide to the mean streets of a dying democracy and a…

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Why read it?

3 authors picked Calling Bullshit as one of their favorite books. Why do they recommend it?

This book highlights the many ways in which we are frequently misled by data – falling for claims of causation when the data only supports correlation, not recognising that data may be a selected sample that only presents a small part of the picture, and ignoring researchers’ incentives to hand-pick the methodology that gives them the results they want.

This rigorous but highly readable book explains how to spot the common ways in which people mislead us, either deliberately or unintentionally, and call it out in a constructive and professional way.

The title is provocative but justified because so much of the “evidence” that we are bombarded with daily is bullshit. This is a wonderful compilation of statistical mistakes and misuses that are intended to persuade readers to be skeptical and to show them how to recognize bullshit when they see it.

From Gary's list on science’s eroding reputation.

Most people and organizations aspire to be data-driven, yet some of the most fascinating “discoveries” and stories are incorrect. 

The authors use the term Bullshit; I prefer Twyman’s law: any figure that looks interesting or different is usually wrong—look at very surprising results with skepticism. For instance, the adage that correlation doesn’t imply causation is well known, but correlations don’t help sell new articles, so many correlations are told as causal stories.

The book elucidates pitfalls from uncontrolled experiments, common causes, p-hacking, and selection bias, and amazing “classical” stories are debunked.

Example: If you claim your toothpaste reduces plaque “by…

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